September 22, 2022
Exhibition explores the appeal of traditional crafts
What is the Japan Traditional Art Crafts Exhibition (Nihon Dento Kogeiten)?
Japan’s biggest exhibition of traditional crafts is open to submissions from the public. Its principal organizers include the Asahi Shimbun and the Japan Kogei Association, an organization composed of practitioners of traditional crafts, focused mainly on artists who have been designated Preservers of Important Intangible Cultural Properties — commonly referred to as Living National Treasures. The exhibition was held for the first time in 1954, the year when the system of designating Important Intangible Cultural Properties and Preservers of Important Intangible Cultural Properties was launched following the amendment of the Act on Protection of Cultural Properties. Aimed at preserving and cultivating traditional craft techniques deemed to be of great historical and artistic value, the exhibition has been held at the Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi Main Store every year through to the 69th edition this year, and then tours venues across Japan.
If you want to explore the current frontiers of traditional Japanese crafts, you should not miss the annual Japan Traditional Art Crafts Exhibition (Nihon Dento Kogeiten).
Japan’s biggest exhibition of traditional crafts is open to submissions from the public and is principally organized by the Japan Kogei Association, an organization made up of traditional craft artists. A key focus of the association is artists who have been designated Preservers of Important Intangible Cultural Properties — commonly referred to as Living National Treasures. Aiming to preserve and cultivate Japan’s traditional crafts, the association’s panel of judges selects the exhibits from submissions in seven categories: ceramics, textiles, lacquer work, metalwork, woodwork and bamboo work, dolls, and various works. The status of the exhibition is such that almost all Living National Treasures in the traditional crafts are chosen from among artists who have been selected to exhibit at it several times.
This year’s 69th edition of the exhibition will bring together 558 of the latest works by Living National Treasures and others. Opening at the Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi department store in Tokyo on Sept. 14 and running until the 26th, the exhibition will then visit 12 other cities nationwide — Nagoya, Kyoto, Sapporo, Kanazawa, Okayama, Matsue, Takamatsu, Sendai, Fukuoka, Hiroshima and Osaka — over the next half a year. Mitsukoshi’s flagship store has served as the Tokyo venue ever since the exhibition began in 1954. During the exhibition’s run there, award-winning artists and experts will provide commentaries on the works, and an event will offer the opportunity to attend in kimono. The exhibition thus provides a superb chance to become more familiar with traditional Japanese crafts.
We asked traditional crafts buyer Akira Hiraoka about the highlights.
“This exhibition is a stunning spectacle, as it offers a venue for Living National Treasures and other artists in each field of crafts to show off the culmination of their efforts over the last year,” he said. “Better still, the exhibits are displayed in the open, rather than inside glass cases, so you can get a proper feel for the texture of each piece. While the term ‘traditional crafts’ might make it sound as though the venue is filled with nothing but items produced using techniques handed down through the centuries, the reality is that this exhibition is actually a trade fair showcasing the very latest in art craft technology. As they are passed down through the generations, traditions based on technologies infused with the wisdom of our ancestors are constantly updated with an overlay of new technologies appropriate to the present age. That’s what I want visitors to look out for.”
For example, Living National Treasure Akihiro Maeta is a Preserver of Important Intangible Cultural Properties in the field of white porcelain. Using a gentle touch to produce unique twisted forms that overturn the conventional stiff image of white porcelain, Maeta has been highly acclaimed at home and abroad for his modern artistic pieces expressing light and shade.
Lacquerware artist Kiyoshi Torige uses a decorative technique called chinkin, but rather than employing the conventional approach of engraving the main pattern and filling it in with gold leaf and gold powder, he broke new ground by adopting a technique that involves carving away the surface of the surrounding lacquer to leave the principal design in black.
Glassware artist Akira Watanabe has created a new technique of lamination based on the traditional cut-glass technique called kiriko.
Woodworking artist Makoto Igarashi uses very precise joinery techniques to assemble pieces without metal nails in such a way that the joints cannot be seen from the outside. In addition to pieces offering great scope for artistic appreciation, such as those shown in this exhibit, he also makes items such as chairs that are rooted more in the style of crafts for daily life.
While the exhibits themselves will not be for sale, visitors will be able to buy other items made by some of the artists participating in the show. Why not enrich your living environment with your very own piece of traditional craftwork?